Diseases Explained

Canine Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but is more serious in young pups and older dogs. Death can occur within 24 hours.

The virus attacks the intestines causing blood stained diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. The virus may also attack the heart resulting in death without warning. The virus is very persistent and therefore the affected dog’s environment needs to be thoroughly disinfected with appropriate agents to prevent spread of the disease. Outbreaks are more common in the warmer months.

Canine Distemper

Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk.

Symptoms can vary but include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis usually occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.

Canine Hepatitis

A viral disease which, like distemper, is extremely contagious and often fatal. Severe cases are rare in dogs over 2 years of age.

Symptoms include fever, depression, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. Death may occur within 24-48 hours. Dogs that do recover may develop long term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease.

Canine Tracheobronchitis – Canine (Kennel) Cough Syndrome

Canine Kennel Cough Syndrome is highly contagious. A condition that is produced by several highly infectious diseases. Among the agents associated with this condition are Bordetella bronchiseptica and Parainfluenza virus.

Affected dogs have a hacking persistent cough that sounds very much like it has something stuck in its’ throat or is choking and may continue for several weeks. A dog coughing just once on another can pass KC on. At present Parainfluenza is included in the standard injectable vaccination, however Bordetella is only available as a separate injection.

Canine Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a serious disease in some areas and can cause high death rates. It is spread by the urine of rats and is usually transmitted to dogs by contaminated food and water, or by rat bites. There is an increased risk where high rat populations exist such as rubbish dumps or rivers. Leptospirosis is also a disease that humans may suffer from.