Vaccines work by stimulating the dogs’ body to produce its own defence against infection.
Ideally pups should have had their first jab between 6 and 8 weeks of age (BEFORE it comes to you, its’ new home) you can protect your family from the heartache of losing a new puppy to a fatal puppy disease by requiring that your breeder, pet shop or puppies mothers’ owners get their vet to give the first vaccination BEFORE you take it home.
The first jab simply takes over the mother’s role in providing protection.
The first course always consists of two or more jabs over a period of 1 to 2 months. This is because:
- timing for effective vaccination varies from puppy to puppy so your vet will advise you on the best way to keep your pup safe.
- some vaccines such as leptospirosis need to be administered twice in order to achieve a high enough level of immunity.
Puppy Vaccination Guideline
It is an owners responsibility to check the dates in their vaccination booklet so that they do not miss a routine vaccination booster.
Before a puppy is taken out onto public land, parks, Beach or pathways it should have completed the following course by visiting the vets 2 or 3 times.
- The first vaccination jab is given at around 6 weeks of age (ideally by the breeder, puppies mother or by a reputable pet shop). This first jab helps prevent Parvovirus.
- 8 or 9 weeks of age the first or second (if had at 6 week) jab is given
This jab helps prevent Parvovirus, Canine (Kennel) cough and Leptospirosis (optional) not required here in Wanganui but dogs travelling north of Taupo are advised to be vaccinated against it.
- Second or third jab given at around 12 weeks vaccinates against Parvovirus, Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis (optional).
The big news on the vaccination front is that we now have a brand of dog vaccine licensed for revaccination every two years against the three major infectious diseases* that kill dogs: distemper, hepatitis and parvovirus (Parvo).
Intervet is so convinced that their product will protect for the full two years that they stand behind their product with a guarantee. The guarantee applies to dogs vaccinated with Intervet vaccine and revaccinated, according to Intervet’s recommendations. I any of these develop any of the above diseases, Intervet will pay a significant amount towards veterinary diagnosis and treatment.
This is great news for your dog. It means protection with fewer injections? And peace of mind for you.
* N.B: For Protection Against Leptospirosis Or Canine (Kennel) Cough, Annual (Or More Frequent) Revaccination Is Still Recommended.
If there has been a period of more than eighteen months since the last booster, then it may be necessary to give a normal booster plus a second vaccination 2-4 weeks later. Today’s modern vaccines have brought about levels of disease control against, for example, parvovirus and distemper, that would have been undreamt of a little more than a decade ago.
Reason Annual Vaccination is Required
Annual boosters (1 year from the last jab – the date your vet wants to see you again will be written in your vaccination booklet under his signed entry for your last jabs). This boosts your dogs immunity against Canine (Kennel) Cough and Leptospirosis (if opted for).
Every 2nd year boosters for Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvo are given plus Canine (Kennel) Cough and Leptospirosis (if opted for).
The basic vaccination is DHPPi (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza). You will see this on the stickers your vet places in your vaccination booklet.
Is a separate and optional vaccination in Wanganui although dogs travelling around the country. Especially North of Taupo are recommended to include this vacation every year.
- Lepto is required to be given every year.
- If Lepto has been given a year earlier then 1 jab only is required.
- If Lepto has not been given in the previous year then a booster (second jab)is needed 2 weeks after the first.
Canine (Kennel) Cough Vaccination
- This is recommended as a yearly vaccine if the dog regularly goes to boarding kennels, daycare, dog shows or socialises with other dogs on walks etc.
- The standard Kennel Cough vaccine is injectable which requires a booster 2 weeks later if previously not received a KC vaccine in past 12 months.
- An intranasal vaccine (liquid squirted up the nose) is available if more immediate protection ( in 4 days time ) is required and only requires the one administration.
- Canine (kennel) vaccination by injection requires re-giving EVERY year. The liquid squirted up the nose may need to be given again in 6 months.